(1997) Co-editor, Assessing Participation: A Debate from South Asia. New Delhi: ITDG/Konark Publishers.
Participation', or 'Participatory Development', has become one of the orthodoxies of the mainstream one of the orthodoxies of the mainstream discourse of development. Along with the promotion of market forces and private sector in the economy and liberal institutions in politics, 'Participation' has become a cornerstone of the development interventions promoted by donors dependence on market forces and private capital is expected to generate economic growth. Liberal institutions would democratize society. Participation is not only expected to allow the involvement of wider sections of the population in the development process, but also to contribute to the distribution of fruits of economic growth.
Two decades ago, a group of researchers and practitioners of development took a fresh look at the notion of participatory development at a workshop organized by Duryog Nivaran in November 1995. Duryog Nivaran is a south Asian network in situations of natural disasters and internal conflicts. The papers presented at this work shop are brought together in this volume. The starting point of some of papers in analyzing the theme of participation is development. They look at the conceptual basis of the notion of participatory development as well as concrete experiences of its use in specific projects. For others participation is essentially a concept relevant for civil society politics.
The politics of foreign Aid in Sri Lanka
(2007) Politics of foreign aid in Sri Lanka, Promoting markets and supporting peace. Colombo: International Centre for Ethnic Studies.
Sustaining a state in conflict: Politics of foreign aid in Sri Lanka, Colombo:ICES, (2018)
This study focuses on politics of foreign aid to Sri Lanka from developed countries of the West, Japan and multilateral agencies during the period 1977 to end of the armed conflict in 2009. This period is characterised by economic policies that emphasised liberal economic policies and an armed conflict resulting from the Tamil demand for a separate state. The study looks at politics of foreign aid in this context. Foreign aid played a dual role. It helped to sustain a state engaged in an armed conflict, while at the same time trying to promote a negotiated settlement. Therefore it was neither a do-gooder that liberals tend to believe nor a 'foreign devil that Sinhala nationalists like to see.
Can democracy be designed?
(2003) Co-editor, Can Democracy be Designed? London: Zed Books.
Devolution and Development in Sri Lanka
(1994) Editor, Devolution and Development. New Delhi: Konark Publishers.
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